Abortion in the United States has been legal in every state since the United States Supreme Court decision on January 22, 1973. In 1970, New York passed the most permissive abortion law in America, one that defined the state as the country’s abortion refuge. The law made it possible for women to terminate their pregnancies for virtually any reason within certain gestational time limits. While abortion is generally legal in New York, under certain circumstances it is not.
The Empire State requires a licensed doctor to perform the procedure. But all states, including New York, have some abortion restrictions. An abortion is justifiable if it is:
- Committed with the consent of the pregnant woman by a licensed physician under a reasonable belief that such is necessary to preserve the pregnant woman’s life, or
- Performed on a woman who no more than 24 weeks pregnant.
An unsafe abortion is defined as a procedure for terminating an unintended pregnancy carried out either by persons lacking the necessary skills or in an environment that does not conform to minimal medical standards, or both.
Issuing abortional articles. N.Y. Pen. Law § 125.60
A person is guilty of issuing abortional articles when he manufactures, sells or delivers any instrument, article, medicine, drug or substance with intent that the same be used in unlawfully procuring the miscarriage of a female.
Issuing abortional articles is a class B misdemeanor.
Methods of unsafe abortion
Methods of unsafe abortion include:
- drinking toxic fluids such as turpentine, bleach, or drinkable concoctions mixed with livestock manure.
- inserting herbal preparations into the vagina or cervix;
- placing a foreign body such as a twig, coat hanger, or chicken bone into the uterus; or
- placing inappropriate medication into the vagina or rectum.
The availability of misoprostol an inexpensive, widely available drug with multiple uses (treatment of post-partum hemorrhage, stomach ulcers, and induction of labor) has reduced the number of births. The World Health Organization has endorsed a standarized regimen of misoprostol to induce abortion up to 9 weeks of pregnancy. The Abortion Pill or Mifiprex (Mifepristone), also commonly referred to as RU-486, is prescribed as a non-surgical abortion method up to 49 days after the beginning of the latest menstruation, There is approximately a 97% success rate.
The World Health Organization estimates that unsafe abortions cause the deaths of at least 200 women each day, over 70.000 women each year, yet it is one of the most easily preventable and treatable causes of maternal mortality.